Students will analyze the historical significance of individuals, groups, and events.
In the 19th Century(1800's), the United States was changing rapidly, as we noted in the recent Market Revolution and Reform Movements episodes. Things were also in a state of flux for women. The reform movements, which were in large part driven by women, gave these self-same women the idea that they could work on their own behalf, and radically improve the state of their own lives. So, while these women were working on prison reform, education reform, and abolition, they also started talking about equal rights, universal suffrage, temperance, and fair pay. Women like Susan B. Anthony, Carry Nation, Elizabeth Cady Stanton, the Grimkés, and Lucretia Mott strove tirelessly to improve the lot of American women, and it worked, eventually also The Christian Temperance Union, the Seneca Falls Convention, the Declaration of Sentiments, and a whole bunch of other groups that made life better for women.
Starter : Write 2 paragraphs about a time when you have been an advocate.
Classwork: Readworks Non-Fiction: Ronald Reagan's Proclamation of Women's History Month, 1987. Read the passages answer questions 1-4.
Pre-AP Open Response: What does the word "proclamation" mean? Compare and contrast Reagan's proclamation with others we have studied. (1 paragraph)
Students will analyze economic, geographic, and technological growth associated with the Second Industrial Revolution and its impact on American society.
Students will examine government policies and laws that addressed the escalating labor conflicts
and the rise of labor unions using primary and secondary sources
Who was Lewis Hines?
Students will examine the effects of immigration after 1870 (e.g., social patterns, national unity, cultural diversity, conflicts)
Objective Unit3: 5
Students will analyze responses to social, economic, and political issues prior to 1900
(e.g., successes and failures of Populism, economic depressions, civil service reform,
Tammany Hall, business regulations)
What, you may ask, is the Gilded Age? The term comes from a book by Mark Twain and Charles Dudley Warner titled, "The Gilded Age." You may see a pattern emerging here. It started in the 1870s and continued on until the turn of the 20th century. The era is called Gilded because of the massive inequality that existed in the United States. Gilded Age politics were marked by a number of phenomenons, most of them having to do with corruption. On the local and state level, political machines wielded enormous power. John gets into details about the most famous political machine, Tammany Hall. Tammany Hall ran New York City for a long, long time, notably under Boss Tweed. Graft, kickbacks, and voter fraud were rampant, but not just at the local level. Ulysses S. Grant ran one of the most scandalous presidential administrations in U.S. history, and John will tell you about two of the best known scandals, the Credit Mobilier scandal and the Whiskey Ring. There were a few attempts at reform during this time, notably the Civil Service Act of 1883 and the Sherman Anti-trust act of 1890. John will also get into the Grange Movement of the western farmers, and the Populist Party that arose from that movement. The Populists, who threw in their lot with William Jennings Bryan, never managed to get it together and win a presidency, and they faded after 1896.