In 2012 the population of Canada was around 35 million. The capital city of Canada is Ottawa. Major cities include Toronto, Montreal, Vancouver, Edmonton and Calgary. The 2 main languages spoken in Canada are English and French.
Canada is the second largest country in the world by total area (Russia is the largest). Canada is made up of 10 provinces and 3 territories. Canada features the longest coastline in the world, stretching 202,080 kilometres (125,570 miles). Canada shares the longest land border in the world with the United States, totaling 8,891 kilometres (5,525 miles).
The name Canada comes from the word ‘kanata’ which means ‘settlement’ or ‘village’ in the language of the indigenous St Lawrence Iroquoians. Canada has over 30,000 lakes. Winters can be very cold in Canada with temperatures dropping below −40 °C (−40 °F) in some parts of the country.
Canada is rich in resources such as zinc, nickel, lead and gold. The most popular sport in Canada is ice hockey. Calgary hosted the 1988 Winter Olympics, Vancouver the 2010 Winter Olympics and Montreal the 1976 Summer Olympics. The maple leaf is a Canadian symbol and features prominently on the national flag. For more information, check out maps of Canada or take a closer look at the Canadian flag.
Key terms for your study set in Quizlet
- Rocky Mountains
- St. Lawrence River
- Niagara Falls
- Canadian Shield
- Grand Banks
- British Columbia